Waterborne disease is one of the most significant threats of life in both developing and developed countries. Every year these diseases kill more than 3 million people globally. According to several reports, more than 80% of the total deaths on Earth occur due to waterborne diseases. Thus, it is vital to ensure that you and your family consume nutrient-rich and safe drinking water. Almost 90% of the freshwater sources are heavily contaminated. Thus, the chances of getting waterborne diseases are high. Waterborne diseases mainly affect the kids and older age people because their immune system is in developing stage and week, respectively. The immune system protects your body from various kinds of diseases.
When we talk about the number of deaths caused by waterborne disease in India in recent five years (2012-2017) the amount is more than 10,000. This ratio is for only four kinds of waterborne diseases that include:
- Acute Diarrheal Diseases
- Viral Hepatitis
Out of these four deadly diseases, severe Diarrheal diseases are the leading killer and killed more than 60% of people out of total death.
Number of Death Occurred By Waterborne Diseases
This table contains the total number of the case registered & death occurred due to waterborne diseases in India between 2013 to September 2017.
Various Types of Waterborne Disease Making Safe Drinking Water Important
Although there are different kinds of waterborne disease which you may experience, some of them are deadly if left untreated. Here we have listed a few of the waterborne diseases which may lead to the death:
- Diarrhea: In this condition, the patient experience continuous discharge of water, which leads to dehydration? Diarrhea is mainly divided into three categories, which as persistent, acute, and chronic. The symptoms of diarrhea may vary from 2 weeks to 4 weeks. According to the various surveys, each day, more than three children in the world lose their lives due to watery stool.
- Typhoid: Typhoid is also considered as one of the fatal diseases because according to the report of the World Health Organization, more than 2 million cases registered annually all around the world in which around two lakhs people lose their lives. The Salmonella typhi mainly causes it. The primary symptoms of Typhoid are muscle pain, Headache, high fever, etc.
- Cholera: It is one of the most common waterborne diseases among all kinds of water-related conditions. Cholera is mainly used by the bacterium known as Vibrio cholera. This bacterium is mostly present in contaminated water and food. Once the pathogen enters into the host cell, it starts releasing a toxin, which causes massive loss of fluids from the body.
Every day most of the people come in contact with the various kinds of waterborne disease-causing agent. Thus, those whose immune system is not working correctly are at higher risk. Most of the children lost their lives due to these fatal diseases. Apart from consuming safe drinking water at home, it is essential to use clean water bottles and utensils, so as to ensure hygiene and health.