Bed-wetting in Kids: What Causes it?

Waking up in the middle of the night to change your baby’s clothes and sheets is certainly one of the most annoying things. But have you ever thought why it happens? Bed-wetting in kids is quite common. There are millions of kids from across the world who wet the bed every single night. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, about 5 million kids in the US, which includes 20% of 5-year olds, 10% of 7-year olds, and 5% of 10-year olds, wet their bed.

Bed-wetting in Kids

Children mostly wet their bed due to their bodies being physically not capable of nighttime dryness. One of the most important things to keep in mind is that bed-wetting is totally an involuntary action. If you more often think that why does my child wet the bed every single night, you need to understand that your child has absolutely no control over this. Bed-wetting, also called nocturnal enuresis, is like a normal developmental stage. Let us discuss some of the possible causes of bed-wetting and the kinds of treatment for bed-wetting in kids.

What Causes Bed-wetting

  • Genetics Factor, the Bed-wetting Gene: Experts say that the majority of bedwetting cases are due to heredity. If either of the child’s parents has experienced bed-wetting, then the child is an easy target and is more likely to experience the same as well.
  • Your child’s Body is Still Developing: It is very much likely that your baby wets the bed because her brain, nervous system, and bladder are still in a maturing phase. The brain and bladder need time to communicate with each other during the sleep. It happens gradually. However, in some kids, this takes a bit long.
  • Bladder Size: Childs having small bladders urinate more frequently as compared to their peers. This makes your child urinate more often during the daytime and gives them less scope to hold the urine during the night.
  • Hormonal Factors: There is a hormone called Low anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) that reduces the amount of urine made by the kidneys. Experts say that some kids who release less of ADH while asleep. This means more production of urine, which leads to more bed-wetting.
  • Deep Sleeping: Some research confirms that the children who sleep deeply find it difficult to wake up in the middle of the night. Therefore, the brain may not receive the bladder’s signal to urinate.
  • Constipation and Other Medical Condition: Constipation can also lead to bed-wetting. This is because the stool can push against the bladder that can cause uncontrolled bladder contractions. Other factors include urinary tract infections, abnormalities in the ureter in girls or boys and urethral valves in boys, and abnormalities in the spinal cord.

Ways to Help your Child Cope with Bed-wetting

  • Sleeping Environment: Make the sleeping environment comfortable for your child. Ask him why he does not want to go to the bathroom at night. Ask him to wake you up if he finds it scary to wake up at night.
  • Fluid Intake: Restricting fluid intake is one of the most common myths associated with child’s bed-wetting. A certain amount of fluid intake is important to keep your child hydrated. Set a fluid intake routine, for example, 40% in the morning, 40% in the noon, and 20% in the evening.
  • Make Bathroom a Part of your Child’s bedtime: Encourage your child to go to the bathroom before going to bed. If you find your child waking up during the night, ask him whether he would like to use the bathroom.

Bed-wetting in kids is very common and there is nothing to be ashamed of. Indulge in a motivational therapy and try to take away your child’s guilt about bed-wetting. Give emotional support to your child and opt for reward systems. Help your child spend some dry nights so that he/she can feel better.

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